Arabian oryx occurred historically in areas bordering the Rub Al Khali (Empty Quarter) in northern parts of Hadhramaut and Mahra Governorates. Three oryx captured in WadiMitan in the easternmost part of the country in 1962 formed the nucleus of the original World Herd. At present Yemen accommodates six Arabian oryx in some captive collections.
- Total number of recorded Arabian Oryx:
- Number of males:
- Number of females:
- Number of unknown: